Sleep disorders are disorders of a person’s sleep pattern. This will lead to a decrease in the quality of sleep which has an impact on the health and safety of the sufferer. Feeling drowsy throughout the day, difficulty falling asleep at night, or inconsistent sleep and waking cycles are all signs of sleep disorders. Sleep Diseases that aren’t treated properly can put you at risk for a variety of other problems, such as hypertension and heart disease. The human body is in desperate need of sleep. Maintaining good sleep quality is something that needs to be done because it is beneficial for both physically and mentally.
Reporting from Medical News Today, one of the benefits of sleep is to improve one’s cognition, productivity and concentration. Even in a study compiled in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, a child who gets enough sleep will excel academically and behaviorally. In addition, adequate sleep can also reduce the risk of heart disease and obesity, regulate calories, strengthen the body’s immune system, reduce inflammation, and prevent depression. In fact, referring to research conducted by the American Cancer Society on 1.1 million Americans, found that those who slept seven hours a day had the lowest mortality rates. However, it cannot be denied that some people still have sleep disorders, or in health terms called sleep disorders.
Types and Causes of Sleep Disorders
There are various kinds of sleep disorders, depending on the form of the disorder or its symptoms. Below are some of the most common types of sleep diseases:
Wakefulness is a condition when a person finds it delicate to fall asleep or takes a veritably long time to fall asleep. Insomnia can be caused by bad bedtime habits, mental disorders, or certain diseases (one of which is a pineal gland disorder).
Hypersomnia is a condition where the need for sleep is very long, so the sufferer is always sleepy during the day. There are various things that can potentially cause hypersomnia or oversleeping. One of them is depression.
Sleep walking disease (sleepwalking) has the medical term somnambulism. People with this condition often wake up, walk, or perform various activities while they are asleep, but they are not aware of what they are doing. This condition can be experienced by adults as well as children.
Nightmares occur when the brain makes a person dream of disturbing things. The cause of nightmares is not known. However, nightmares that occur in children are thought to be triggered by anxiety or fear when they are away from their parents.
Children, particularly those aged 4 to 8, are more susceptible to Sleep Demons. Sleep terror sufferers may scream and act afraid while sleeping. When a youngster is weary or has a fever, this condition can develop.
This sleep disorder occurs when there is a cessation of breathing during sleep. Sleep apnea is very common, and can appear in any age group and gender, although it is more common in men. Sleep apnea occurs when part of the upper respiratory tract becomes blocked and temporarily blocks the process of breathing. This makes people with this disorder will often wake up during sleep and will feel very sleepy during the day.
Parasomnia is a sleep disorder that causes sufferers to do unwanted physical activities. This disorder is a disorder caused by abnormal behavioral or psychological events that occur during sleep. Suffering from this disorder is more common in children and does not always indicate a significant psychological or psychiatric problem. Characteristics of parasomnias include sleep walking (sleepwalking), eating while sleeping, teeth grinding, and sleep talking (delirious) and so on.
Restless Leg Syndrome
In Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS), the patient will experience sudden paralysis during sleep. This refers to the inability to move when we are asleep or awake from sleep. While the symptoms of RLS itself can usually occur during the day, although it is most common at night. RLS is often associated with certain health conditions, including hyperactivity (ADHD) and Parkinson’s disease, but the exact cause is not always known.
Narcolepsy is generally characterized by an uncontrollable desire to sleep during the day. Patients often fall asleep at any time and place, also occurs repeatedly in a day. Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder (which attacks the brain and nerves) involving the body’s central nervous system
Symptoms of Sleep Disorders
There are various symptoms experienced by someone who suffers from sleep disorders, including:
– Awakening up and going to bed at irregular times.
– Difficulty sleeping at night.
– The limbs that move without command when they want to fall asleep.
– Breathing at an abnormal rhythm during sleep.
– Have nightmares, fear, scream, or walk while sleeping.
– Snoring, choking, gritting your teeth, or stopping breathing for a moment, while sleeping.
– Often wakes up while asleep and has difficulty falling back asleep.
– Feeling unable to move the body when you wake up.
– Often sleepy during the day, so that you can suddenly fall asleep at unnatural times, for example while driving.
– Chinking or feeling a sensation that radiates to the hands and bases.
– Muscles feel weak or often feel tired.
Sleep Disorder Diagnosis
Before giving treatment such as Modalert, and Modvigil the doctor will make a diagnosis. The doctor will ask the patient’s sleep pattern. The question can be about the duration of sleep, whether you often wake up while sleeping, and whether you often fall asleep when you are active during the day. In addition, the doctor can ask about the patient’s sleeping habits to the patient’s roommate or family.
After that, the croaker will perform a physical examination including examining the case’s respiratory tract, similar as the nose, mouth, or throat. Next, the doctor can perform a series of supporting examinations, such as:
– Polysomnography or sleep study, to dissect oxygen situations, body movements, and brain swells during sleep.
– Electroencephalogram (EEG), to measure electrical exertion in the brain.
– Blood tests, to diagnose certain conditions that can beget sleep diseases.
– CT scan, to see the possibility of abnormalities in the brain that cause sleep disturbances.
– Sleep Disorder Treatment
Below are some forms of a healthy life that can be done are:
Basically, the application of a healthy lifestyle can improve a person’s sleep quality.
– Eat further stringy foods, similar as vegetables and fruits.
– Limiting sugar intake by reducing the consumption of sweet snacks.
– Exercise regularly.
– Manage stress well.
– Make a daily sleep schedule and stick to it with discipline.
– Reduce caffeine consumption, especially in the autumn and evening.
– Reduce alcohol consumption.
– Stop using cellphones at least 30 minutes before going to bed to avoid the negative impact of cellphones on sleep quality
– Do not smoke.
– Avoid the habit of sleeping all day on holidays, because it can change sleep patterns on weekdays.
One illustration of psychotherapy that can be done is cognitive behavioral remedy to change the mindset of people with sleep diseases.
Use of special tools when sleeping
In people with hypersomnia, doctors may recommend the use of special equipment while sleeping. The device consists of an oxygen mask connected to a device called a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). CPAP therapy is useful for keeping the airways open.
There are several types of drugs that can be used, such as Modalert, and Modvigil. Medications commonly given by psychiatrists to treat sleep disorders include Modvigil 200, and
– Antidepressant drugs
– Complications of Sleep Disorders